Richard O. Jacobson Center for Comprehensive Literacy

Comprehensive Literacy Model

The foundation of the Comprehensive Literacy Model (CLM) is a cognitive apprenticeship approach based on the belief that students acquire knowledge, skills, and strategic processes through assisted instruction with a sensitive and knowledgeable teacher. Through careful observation, the teacher notices what his or her students already know, and uses language that enables students to use what they already know to acquire new and unknown information. In CLM classrooms, teachers model and coach students with memorable demonstrations, provide clear and relevant language for problem solving, adjust their support based on student need, and develop structured routines that promote student independence. Within a workshop framework, there is a balance of learning opportunities for students to work at assisted and independent levels that promote the transfer of knowledge, skills, and strategies to new situations for a variety of purposes.